The income tax is liable on what individuals earn from their jobs, their savings or from businesses after registering a new business UK. The collection of the income of individual under the computation of personal tax and then working on the tax is considered in this blog. The family aspects of the income tax are also brought under consideration.
In the computation of personal income tax, all the sources are brought together, the sources being divided into savings, non-savings and dividend income.
As a basic rule, the charge of income tax is made on receipts that are expected to recur (for example, weekly wages or profits from carrying out a business formation UK). The income of an individual from all the sources is collected together or aggregated in the computation of personal tax for the year of tax.
The year of tax or the fiscal year or the assessment year is operational from April 6 to April 5. For example, the year of tax 2013 to 2014 is operational from April 6, 2013 to April 5, 2014.
All the income which is subject to income tax is the total income. Each of the amounts that form up the total income is known as the component. Total or net income is total income subtracting the interest and losses of trade from it. The liability of tax is the amount which is charged on the income of the individual. The payable tax is the balance of the liability yet to be settled in cash.
The charge of the income tax is made on the taxable income. The dealing of non-savings income is done first, following the savings income and then the income of dividends.
In the case of non-savings income, income up to the amount of £32,010 (basic limit of rate) is taxed at the basic rate (20%), income between £32,010 and £150,000 (the higher limit of rate) at the higher rate (40%) and any income that remains at additional rate (45%).
Different Types of Income
It should be remembered that the dividends are grossed up by 100/90 and interest by 100/80.
Classifying the Income
The classification of all the income acquired should be done depending on the nature of the income. This is due to the fact that different computational rules are applicable to different types of income. The basic types of income include:
The employment income, profits from professions, trades, vocations and property letting income are the types of non-savings income. Pension is also a non-savings income.
What is Savings Income?
Interest is referred to as the savings income. The payment of interest is made on bank and building society accounts, on Government securities that include treasury stock and on the stock of company loan.
The payment of interest may be made net of 20% tax or its payment may be made in the form of gross.
Savings Income Acquired Gross
The following income from savings is acquired gross:
The income from savings acquired net of 20% tax is mentioned below. This is known as the income taxed at source.
The acquired amount is grossed up by multiplying by 100/80 and is the gross included in the computation of income tax. The subtracted tax at source is subtracting during the computation of payable tax and its repayment can be made.
Although the bank and building society interest, whose payment is made to the individuals, is in general paid net of 20% tax, if a recipient does not have the liability for the payment of tax, they can make the recovery of the suffered tax or they can give a certification in advance that they are non-payers of tax and acquire the interest gross.
Dividends on the Shares of UK
The acquiring of dividends on the shares of UK is done net of a 10% credit of tax. This means that a £90 dividend has a £10 credit of tax, the gross income hence being £100 to involve in the calculation of income tax. The subtraction of credit of tax can be done while making the computation of tax to be paid but its repayment cannot be done.
Which Income is Exempt?
There are some types of income which is not included in the income tax, as mentioned below:
Deductible Interest for the Computation of Net Income
The deductible interest is subtracted from the total income for the computation of net income.
Payments from Interest
An individual who makes the payment of interest in a loan in a year of tax, holds the entitlement of relief in the year of tax if the loan is acquired for one of the purposes mentioned below:
The relief for tax is given by subtracting the interest from the total income in order to compute the net income for the year of tax in which the payment of interest is made. It is subtracted first from the non-savings income, then from the savings income and finally from the income acquired from dividends.
There exists a limit on the amount of deductions that can be made from the total income, including the deductible interest, that an individual taxpayer can make in a year of tax.
Allowances to be subtracted from Net Income
All persons hold an entitlement of a personal allowance which is subtracted from the net income, first against the non-savings income, then against savings income and finally against the dividend income. The personal allowance is lessened by £1 for each £2 that the net adjusted income exceeds an amount of £100,000 and can be reduced to nil.
Once the aggregation of the income from all sources has been done, and any deductible interest subtracted, the remainder is the income of the taxpayer. An allowance, known as the personal allowance, is subtracted from the net income. Like deductible interest, it results in the reduction of non-savings income first, followed by the savings income and finally the income from dividend.
All the individuals who are born after April 5, 1948 (children inclusive) have the entitlement of personal allowance of an amount equal to £9,440. However, if the adjusted net income of the individual exceeds £100,000, it results in the reduction of personal allowance by £1 for every £2 by which the adjusted net income is exceeded from £100,000 until the personal allowance is nil which is when the net income adjusted is £118,880 or more.
It should be noted that the net income adjusted is net income less the gross amounts of contributions from personal pension and gift aid donations.
In the case where an individual has a net income adjusted between £100,000 and £118,880, the rate of tax on the income between the two amounts mentioned will usually be 60%. The calculation of this is done as 40% (the higher rate on income) with additional 40% of half (which is 20%) of the extra income adjusted over £100,000 used for the restriction of personal allowance. The individual must take into consideration to make personal pension contributions for the reduction of adjusted net income to below £100,000.
Case of Higher Personal Allowance
The taxpayers who are born between April 6, 1938 and April 5, 1948 have an entitlement to a higher personal allowance of £10,500 and the taxpayers who are born before April 6, 1938 have an entitlement to a higher personal allowance of £10,660. The reduction of allowance is done by £1 for every £2 that the net income adjusted exceeds £26,100 but is in general not lessened below the amount of personal allowance which is available for the taxpayers who are born after April 5, 1948.
An individual who is born between April 6, 1938 and April 5, 1958 acquires a higher personal allowance of £10,500 rather than the personal allowance of £9,440.
An individual who is born before April 6, 1938 acquires a higher personal allowance of £10,660 rather than the personal allowance of £9,440.